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Dachau, Germany

"We thanked the LORD that we were still alive"

Dachau, Germany

"In Dachau we were placed in one large, clean wooden hut. There were two-story bunk beds there. There were no clothes for us to change into there. Luckily for us it was summer, as we hadn't changed clothes since the Kovno ghetto. We were covered in lice, sores, etc.; in short, a sad and bad situation. We suddenly heard steps approaching. It was the Kapo, "the hut boss". He came and told us to undress completely and go shower. We thought our end had come. Many began to recite 'Shma Yisrael', and other didn't know what those words meant. We cried but we remained together as we walked to the unknown. The last moments of our short lives. We were sent into the showers, and wonder of wonders, water came out of them!

We laughed out loud and thanked the Lord that we were still alive. Another day had gone by. We spent seven days in the hut. On the seventh day the Kapo told us that we were going to travel to a 'children's village', where things would be better for us. There we would have lessons, eat well, in short, the End of Days! The little children of seven to ten were really excited, but the older ones were very worried. Our fear increased when our clothes were painted with highly noticeable red stripes – our shirts and pants. This was to make us easily identifiable if we fled, and where could we flee to?" 

From Daniel Inbar's testimony


For the group of children from Kovno, Dachau was a stopover on the train trip from Landsberg to Birkenau. Throughout the entire trip to there the children consolidated into an orderly group. The children attribute this consolidation to Wolf Galperin, the older brother who volunteered to join his little brother when the children were taken out of Landsberg. From Dachau on everyone related to Galperin as the leader of the group.

The group of boys spent a week in Dachau – from the day they arrived from Landsberg until they were sent to Birkenau. For the 131 boys, Dachau was a station from which they left alive, but for tens of thousands this station was one of death. It was the oldest of the camps which was established in 1933 as a prison camp for opponents to the Nazi regime. The prisoners in the camp were forced to work for the Nazi war effort. Cruel medical experiments were carried out on thousands of prisoners, which led to their deaths. The methods of mass extermination were developed and tried out in this camp, which is only 15 kilometers from the huge German city of Munich.

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The Beginning of the Journey – Kovno (Kaunas) Lithuania
Stuthof Camp, Poland
Landsberg, Germany
Birkenau, Poland